Neem: A Tree for Solving Global Problems
Neem is a fascinating tree. It seems to be one of the most promising plants and may eventually benefit every person on the planet. Probably no other plant yields as many strange and varied products or has as many exploitable by-products. Indeed, as foreseen by some scientists, neem may usher in a new era of pest control, provide millions with inexpensive medicines, cut down the rate of human population growth, and perhaps even reduce erosion, deforestation, and the excessive temperature of an overheated globe.
Neem – A Green Treasure
Neem (Azadirachta indica) commonly called ‘Indian Lilac’ or ‘Margosa’, belongs to the family Meliaceae, subfamily Meloideae and tribe Melieae. Neem is the most versatile, multifarious trees of tropics, with immense potential. The leaves, bark, flowers, fruits, seed, gum, oil and neem cake are known to have antiallergenic, antidermatic, antifeedent, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antipyorrhoeic, antiscabic, cardiac, diuretic, insecticidal, larvicidal, nematicidal, spermicidal and other biological activities. Because of these activities neem has an enormous variety of applications.
The Miraculous Neem
For thousands of years, humans have sought to fortify their health and cure various ills with herbal remedies. The search for a true panacea or cure-all has been undertaken by virtually every civilization. While hundreds of substances have been tried and tested, few have withstood modern scientific scrutiny. Perhaps no other botanical better meets the true definition of a panacea than Neem, a tropical evergreen primarily native to India and an Ayurveda herbal product.
The Multifaceted Applications of Neem
The neem tree has been known from time immemorial for its versatile applications. It is known as ‘Arishata’ in Sanskrit which means “relieving sickness”. No other plant yields as many varied, valuable and exploitable products and by-products as this tree of the future! Neem may open a new era in pest management, provide inexpensive medicine for living beings, effectively control the threat of human population growth and play an important role in environmental protection.